Name and location of repository
Level of description
Wartime industry, activities, and events
- 1942 - 1945 (Creation)
- 1917 - 1918 (Creation)
Name of creator
The Oregon Journal was an afternoon newspaper based in Portland, Oregon. Originally founded in March 1902 by Alfred D. Bowen under the name Evening Journal, Charles Samuel (“Sam”) Jackson purchased the newspaper that July and renamed it the Oregon Journal. Originally located in the Goodnaugh Building, the Journal’s offices moved to the Jackson Tower in 1912, where they remained until 1948, when the paper moved into the Public Market building on Portland’s waterfront. The Jackson family retained ownership of the paper until the death of C. S. Jackson’s son Philip in 1953.
The Journal was known for some innovations. It shipped additional issues to Oregon’s coastal towns during the summer months as a means of boosting circulation. It was also the first newspaper in the United States to own a helicopter, and its waterfront building included a helicopter pad.
The Journal was considered a rival to Portland’s other major newspaper, the Oregonian, throughout its existence. The Journal’s editorials favored the Democratic Party, in contrast with the Oregonian’s Republican leanings, and expressed what some labeled an anti-establishment tone. However, the two papers became intertwined as time went on. In the 1950s, the Journal began to suffer from revenue losses, and discussed the possibility of sharing production facilities with the Oregonian. For the first five months of the protracted Portland newspaper strike which began in 1959, the Journal and Oregonian published joint issues. In August 1961, the Oregonian Publishing Company, by then owned by newspaper mogul Samuel I. Newhouse, purchased the Journal for $8 million. With this sale, the Journal offices and production facilities merged with those of the Oregonian on SW Broadway, although the Journal retained its own editorial department and tone.
The Journal’s highest circulation was at 201,000 in March 1948. By 1982, circulation had reduced to a little more than 100,000, and the paper struggled to remain relevant in an age where afternoon newspapers were considered obsolete. The Journal published its final issue on September 6, 1982. The paper’s staff and production were then absorbed into the Oregonian.
Content and structure elements
Scope and content
Photographs related to industrial, patriotic, and civil defense activities and events in Portland, Oregon during World War I and World War II. The bulk of these photographs were taken from 1942 to 1945 and depict people and activities at the Albina Engine & Machine Works shipyard. Other photographs document troops marching in a War Activities parade in April 1918; a visit by Charles M. Schwab and Charles Piez of the Emergency Fleet Corporation in July 1918; and a ceremony to present an Army-Navy "E" Award for wartime production to an unidentified organization between 1942 and 1945.
System of arrangement
Conditions of access and use elements
Conditions governing access
Due to the high-risk nature of the format, the Oregon Journal negatives are not available to the public for physical access.
Org. Lot 1368, OHS Research Library
Conditions governing reproduction
In Copyright http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/; copyright held by Oregonian Publishing Group.
Languages of the material
Scripts of the material
Language and script notes
Acquisition and appraisal elements
Immediate source of acquisition
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information
Related materials elements
Existence and location of originals
Org. Lot 1368, Boxes 371, 372, 375, 376, and 379.
Existence and location of copies
Related archival materials
Org. Lot 1027, Oregon Journal Photographs Collection, Box 195, folders 34 and 35 (Albina Engine & Machine Works), http://archiveswest.orbiscascade.org/ark:/80444/xv96038
Org. Lot 512, Albina Engine & Machine Works Photographs Collection, http://librarycatalog.ohs.org/O90000/OPAC/Details/Record.aspx?BibCode=6092044
The Albina Subchaser, shipyard newspaper of Albina Engine & Machine Works, http://librarycatalog.ohs.org/O90000/OPAC/Details/Record.aspx?BibCode=4028038
Description control element
Rules or conventions
Katie Mayer, digital project archivist, October 17, 2018.