Fires, firefighters, and firefighting

Edward Grenfell, Portland Fire Bureau Portland Fire Chief Lee G. Holden and fire marshal Edward Grenfell shaking hands Portland Fire Chief Lee G. Holden shaking hands with fire marshal Edward Grenfell Unveiling of David Campbell memorial, Portland Six unidentified people at fire chiefs’ convention? Unidentified group at fire chiefs’ convention? Fire at corner of East Second Street, Portland? Fire at Pacific Stationery and Printing Company, Portland Smoke? billowing from building Photograph of burning building Crowd outside unidentified building on fire Firefighters spraying water on unidentified burning building Firefighters outside unidentified burning building Chimneys and remains of burning building Interior of building damaged by fire? Burned object Portland? firefighters manning hoses Firefighters in street outside building, holding rescue net Firefighter? on ladder above crowd Rescue workers administering first aid as crowd watches Firefighters with H-H Inhalator Firefighters with H-H Inhalator Firefighters putting on protective breathing equipment Firefighters wearing breathing equipment and walking out of building Firefighter wearing breathing equipment Firefighter wearing breathing equipment Firefighters wearing breathing equipment as they enter building Crews fighting fire at building next to railroad tracks
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Identity elements

Reference code

Org. Lot 1368.O

Name and location of repository

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Fires, firefighters, and firefighting


  • 1910 - 1950 (Creation)


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Administrative history

The Oregon Journal was an afternoon newspaper based in Portland, Oregon. Originally founded in March 1902 by Alfred D. Bowen under the name Evening Journal, Charles Samuel (“Sam”) Jackson purchased the newspaper that July and renamed it the Oregon Journal. Originally located in the Goodnaugh Building, the Journal’s offices moved to the Jackson Tower in 1912, where they remained until 1948, when the paper moved into the Public Market building on Portland’s waterfront. The Jackson family retained ownership of the paper until the death of C. S. Jackson’s son Philip in 1953.

The Journal was known for some innovations. It shipped additional issues to Oregon’s coastal towns during the summer months as a means of boosting circulation. It was also the first newspaper in the United States to own a helicopter, and its waterfront building included a helicopter pad.

The Journal was considered a rival to Portland’s other major newspaper, the Oregonian, throughout its existence. The Journal’s editorials favored the Democratic Party, in contrast with the Oregonian’s Republican leanings, and expressed what some labeled an anti-establishment tone. However, the two papers became intertwined as time went on. In the 1950s, the Journal began to suffer from revenue losses, and discussed the possibility of sharing production facilities with the Oregonian. For the first five months of the protracted Portland newspaper strike which began in 1959, the Journal and Oregonian published joint issues. In August 1961, the Oregonian Publishing Company, by then owned by newspaper mogul Samuel I. Newhouse, purchased the Journal for $8 million. With this sale, the Journal offices and production facilities merged with those of the Oregonian on SW Broadway, although the Journal retained its own editorial department and tone.

The Journal’s highest circulation was at 201,000 in March 1948. By 1982, circulation had reduced to a little more than 100,000, and the paper struggled to remain relevant in an age where afternoon newspapers were considered obsolete. The Journal published its final issue on September 6, 1982. The paper’s staff and production were then absorbed into the Oregonian.

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Physical access

Due to the high-risk nature of the format, the Oregon Journal negatives are not available to the public for physical access.

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Org. Lot 1368, OHS Research Library

Conditions governing reproduction

In Copyright; copyright held by Oregonian Publishing Group.

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Org. Lot 1368.

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Archivist's note

Katie Mayer, digital project archivist, January 17, 2019

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