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Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953 Oregon With digital objects
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The bat, a winged mammal

An overview of bats, including diet, mating season, and appearance. A brief discussion of bat species in Oregon is included.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Red-breasted sapsucker

Manuscript that features excerpts from "Red-breasted sapsucker." The author explains that Jennings Lodge has been a preferred winter home for some of these birds as they are acquainted with many of the species of trees in the area. The author ponders how detrimental the birds are to these trees as they suck up one of the most important parts of these trees.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

A blessed life

A brief manuscript in which William L. Finley speaks about the satisfaction of his life. An angler friend of his claimed that Finley's life was just a prolonged vacation. Finley says that he just surrounds himself with the things he loves most, his wife, his children, and nature.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Muffet and Midget

Manuscript about two baby hummingbirds, focusing on the interaction between mother and offspring.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Status of water fowl in northwestern states

The manuscript argues that the land that has been used for homesteads should be returned to the birds of the area. The land is not suitable for farming long term due to its often alkaline nature. The ill suited land distribution is contributing to the decline of duck and geese populations as well as the other native water fowl.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Story of the robin

Manuscript describing the disappearance of robin eggs by a small group of chipmunk bandits.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

California or valley quail

The subject of this manuscript is the Valley or California quail, which can be found in California, Oregon, and now Washington. The document lists the bird's call, how it defends itself against enemies, and its physical appearance. The document ends with a comparison of the bird to the mountain quail.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

What is a ring-tailed cat?

Manuscript that delves into the perplexing animal that is ring-tailed cat or ringtail. A cousin of the raccoon, the animal can be found in the southwestern part of the Americas from Mexico to southern Oregon. The animal has a strange appearance and prefers to hunt mice and small game. The animal is an omnivore and emits a musky smell.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The storehouse of the red squirrel

In this manuscript we see the return of Piney the squirrel and the author observes that Piney and his fellow squirrels differ from other squirrels. They are different because unlike the other species of squirrels, they are vigilant in up keeping their supply of food. Piney took over a bird house near the author's property and it was discovered that Piney had collected one hundred and forty-six nuts. The author wonders if this store of food will be utilized and emptied by the time the birds arrive to occupy the bird house.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The chickaree

This manuscript describes the author's interaction with a pine squirrel. The squirrel is compared to the other types of squirrels that are present in that area.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Razor clams on the Oregon coast just a memory

Manuscript that is written as a story, where two men have a conversation at a gas station. One is a tourist, the other the gas service man. The tourist is excited to consume some of the local razor clam but the service man explains that the clams are gone. Due to the high demand and the disregard for preserving the population were the causes of its decline.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Paved highways and good trout stream do not mix

This manuscript rallies against building paved roads along streams because this creates easy access and an opening to abuse the resources found in the stream. This document focuses mainly on overfishing in regards to the trout population. Later in the document, the author argues against a highway being built along the Rogue River because this will negatively affect the stream, both in health and fish populations.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The mountain beaver is not a beaver

Manuscript explaining that the rodent known as the mountain beaver, in fact is not a beaver, nor is it related to any animal. It is animal that is found only along the west coast of the United States. The document gives the physical description of the animal and where one might be spotted in Oregon.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Best trout stream and trout surveys

Two manuscripts are featured in this document. The first discusses how the Deschutes River is an ideal place for trout, not only for sport but for the fish to inhabit. The river benefits from the lack of silt in the water and protection from dumping pollutants. Also due to a lack of a paved road, access is limited to the area. The second manuscript discusses the importance of conducting surveys that determine what makes a place suitable for a fish to inhabit. Factors such as what are the food sources and water temperature are to be considered. The writer makes the point that one cannot gauge from mere visual observation the amount of fish in any given stream. To truly determine the population, in depth surveys must be done.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Trout flies

This manuscript appears to be an edited version of "Trout flies".

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Sportsmen kill the goose that lays the golden egg

Manuscript discussing the alarming state of the decline of local animal and fish populations. The author contends that it is a combination of exhausting the local population for sport and introducing foreign populations of animals and fish to satisfy the demand for game to hunt. The document proposes that there are two points in a plan of action in order to restore native populations. The first is to enforce the laws of protection for the animals and fish, and the second is to educate in order to support wildlife resources.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Wholesale waterfowl destruction in the Klamath Country

Manuscript discusses how the waterfowl in Klamath country are now protected from hunters by game laws. The Bureau of Reclamation destroyed areas of sanctuary for waterfowl because the demand for land for agricultural use was so high. According to Dr. C. F. Marbut from the Department of Agriculture, the soil from the land in and around the bed of the Lower Klamath Lake could not support agricultural means successfully. Instead, the area became a refuge similar to Clear Lake.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Trout flies

According to R.E. Dimick from the Oregon State Agricultural College, the stonefly is a cornerstone in the diet of trout. The manuscript advises that a wise angler will observe the insects of an area to lead them to the best fishing spots. The document goes on to describe the life cycle of the stonefly as well as mentioning another type of stonefly, and where the author has found their population to be abundant.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The white-crowned sparrow

Manuscript where one species of sparrow is featured. The document begins with explaining that only an expert can distinguish the three varieties of this sparrow.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

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