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William L. Finley Papers, 1899-1946 Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953 California With digital objects
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Malheur, Lower Klamath Lake, and Hart Mountain Refuges, 1930-1935

Correspondence, articles drafts, and notes discussing the Malheur Lake and Lower Klamath Lake Refuges with a focus on the impact of agricultural projects on the reservations, including water shortages and pollution. Additional topics include concerns about an antelope population limit at the Hart Mountain Game Refuge and the introduction of non-native species to replace dwindling native bird and fish populations.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Correspondence and news releases

Correspondence discussing the Malheur Lake Wildlife Refuge and dam construction on the Klamath River in California. News releases describing William Finley's life and lectures are included.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Murre multitudes

This manuscript describes the California murre, including a physical description and the commercialization of murre eggs.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

California or valley quail

The subject of this manuscript is the Valley or California quail, which can be found in California, Oregon, and now Washington. The document lists the bird's call, how it defends itself against enemies, and its physical appearance. The document ends with a comparison of the bird to the mountain quail.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

What is a ring-tailed cat?

Manuscript that delves into the perplexing animal that is ring-tailed cat or ringtail. A cousin of the raccoon, the animal can be found in the southwestern part of the Americas from Mexico to southern Oregon. The animal has a strange appearance and prefers to hunt mice and small game. The animal is an omnivore and emits a musky smell.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Wholesale waterfowl destruction in the Klamath Country

Manuscript discusses how the waterfowl in Klamath country are now protected from hunters by game laws. The Bureau of Reclamation destroyed areas of sanctuary for waterfowl because the demand for land for agricultural use was so high. According to Dr. C. F. Marbut from the Department of Agriculture, the soil from the land in and around the bed of the Lower Klamath Lake could not support agricultural means successfully. Instead, the area became a refuge similar to Clear Lake.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The American white pelican

Manuscript that focuses on the American white pelican, which according to this document, has an unattractive appearance. The document also describes how the pelican feeds its young.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Records of ducks over baited waters

Manuscript that delves into the game records for duck hunting, finding that the two states with the largest number of birds bagged were permitted to use bait. The author explains that the reason why there was such a concentration of birds in California and Illinois, is that they lie on the most naturally attractive waterways. Other states are mentioned, but the main focus is on California and Illinois. The document goes on to say that the practice of baiting creates an unfair advantage and those that do not bait tend to later follow after seeing the baiters' success. The federal government banned the use of bait in respects to duck hunting.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The romance of swans sometimes goes haywire

Manuscript chronicling the failure of introducing two male swans to two female swans who had been companions for a few years. The author points out that partners should be introduced in the first two years of life as swans mate for life. After such a long period of association, the two birds became dependent upon each other for all types of companionship long before the males were introduced.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The intelligence of birds

Manuscript that marvels at how birds adapt and seem to remember their environment. Author remarks on the difference in behavior of birds when they perceive danger.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The passing of the California condor

Manuscript discussing how little is known about California condors. The document details physical characteristics and behavior as well as nesting habitats. Features excerpts from "Condor 1."

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Compilation of manuscripts on birds

The handwritten manuscript features a rough draft of "Bird lives" as well as other manuscripts that most likely were broken up into different manuscripts later.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Saving from the slaughter

Manuscript that makes a case to stop plume hunting. Author describes a sad scene of grebe bodies littering a lake site in the aftermath of hunting.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Bird lives

Manuscript detailing a trip where several types of birds are observed, but the author's main goal is to spot white herons.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Southern Oregon lecture I

Manuscript featuring an expansive lecture. Lecture topics include the need for protection of wildlife, photography, and audubon societies.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Lecture

Lecture that focuses on the trip mentioned in both "Malheur" and "White heron search."

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Condor 1

Manuscript that details trips to locate and photograph a baby condor.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Golden eagle

Manuscript of a lecture that focuses on a trip to California to photograph eagles.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Plight of grebes

Manuscript containing excerpts from the "Plume hunting", "Grebe hunting", and "Notes on grebe skin traffic" manuscripts. This document further expands upon the motivation of plume hunting. Author also provides physical description, observations of behavior, and figurative description of some specimens in the wild.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Preface for lecture

A preface for a lecture on the author's motivation for bird photography, focusing on land birds of Oregon and California.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

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