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William L. Finley Papers, 1899-1946
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A rough draft of "Bush-tit." The last page appears to belong to another manuscript.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Nature lover and the hunter

Manuscript that raises the issues of hunting and wildlife conservation in America. The document is framed as an imagined conversation between naturalists and hunting sportsmen.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Sanctuaries for waterfowl

Manuscript that champions the idea of additional sanctuaries for birds and animals. The document mentions what efforts President Theodore Roosevelt made before retiring from office. The document also highlights a number of refuges in the United States.

Averill, Edgar F., 1881-1955

Trapping and transplanting beaver

Manuscript describing the process of transplanting beavers when they are negatively affecting their environment. The author details the process as well as the advantages this process has on the beaver population.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Habits and history of the beaver

Manuscript in which the author corrects the perception that beavers are more valuable as pelts rather than members of ecological society. Extolls the idea that beavers should just be put back in the right place rather than killing them.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Cats have no respect for game laws

Manuscript that ponders whether or not it is justified to exterminate cats that are disrupting a wildlife refuge. The author and Mr. Fairchild observed a trio of cats that caused a bit of mayhem by hunting birds in the refuge.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Banding ducks on Malheur Lake

This manuscript discusses the importance of tracking migration of ducks by placing an aluminum band. Phillip A. DuMont ran the trapping and banding station at the Malheur Lake Reservation.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Banding waterfowl

Manuscript that reveals the previously held belief that all birds migrate south. Through tracking the banded birds, it was discovered that birds seek the areas where food is abundant, regardless of direction. The document describes the discovery that the drop in the bird population was due to the destruction of their breeding grounds.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Spiders migrate in parachutes

Brief manuscript that details the observation of some gray spiders creating parachutes with their webbing. Author comments on how this might be the way these spiders migrate.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Duck refuge at Klamath Falls has effective death trap

Manuscript describing the unintentional traps that had been made by telephone wires set up by the California-Oregon Power Company. It greatly affected the ducks in the area of Klamath Falls. The area that is discussed was set up for ducks with a type of botulism so that they could restore themselves back to health.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Pintail duck

Manuscript focusing on the American pintail, stating that it is the most common of ducks. Document comments on molting of the male duck after breeding season. Author speculates that this occurs in order to better protect the offspring.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Willamette River distress

Manuscript that recollects when Governor Clarence D. Martin called out Portland's mayor at the time, Mayor Carson, on the pollution being dumped into the Willamette River. The document goes on to point out how this is a violation of state law. Portland was not the only area affected.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Destruction of fish runs in the Sandy River

Manuscript campaigning for the federal government to aid in controlling the fish resources of the Sandy River. The author states that the Fish Commission and Game Commission cannot keep up with the demand of maintaining the fish runs. Document provides a condensed history of the river.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Splitting a bird's tongue, cruel and barbarous custom

Manuscript that focuses on the Corvidae family of birds. The author describes the members of this family as tricky and thieving, but recognizes that they are intelligent. Many are kept as pets and are subjected to the awful practice of tongue splitting.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Earthworms are real plowmen of the soil

Manuscript highlighting the important work that worms provide, ploughing and turning soil. Document reports on gender, the worm's sensitivity to light, physical attributes, and the process of procreation.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

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